23 December 2014
The teachers of the ENU Faculty of Social Sciences visited the European Commission and the European Parliament (Belgium, Brussels) during of their training courses.
On 10-11 December, 2014, the faculty of the Departments of Sociology, Social Pedagogy of the Faculty of Social Sciences met with representatives of the European Commission and the European Parliament.
During the meeting, Marius Graudins (Office of Communications of the European Parliament) briefed the formation of the European Parliament, its activities and the most important issues discussed in the course of work. Thus, the European Parliament is the legislative body of the European Union directly elected by the citizens of the member states. Together with the Council of the European Union, Parliament forms a bicameral legislative branch of the EU and is considered one of the most influential legislatures in the world.
Each member-state of the EU has the right to elect a certain number of members of the European Parliament. The distribution of mandates is enshrined in the European treaties and is based on decreasing proportion: populous country elect more deputies compared to smaller states, but the latter have more seats than in usual proportion. The election is run by the national political parties, but when candidates get into parliament, most of them forms the supranational political groups - the European political parties.
ENU delegation’s visit to the European Commission was aimed to get introduced with its features, key challenges and socio-demographic composition. The meeting with the delegation was held by European Commission officer Simon Pascoe, who presented the structure of the European Commission. The Commission works like the Cabinet consists of 28 members, called commissioners. Each member country of the EU appoints one European Commissioner, one of 28 commissioners will become a chairman, whose candidacy is proposed by the European Council and he or she is elected by the European Parliament.
All decisions of the Commission are purely advisory in nature; all disputes are settled at the level of national governments. In addition, the European Commission carries out diplomatic functions of the EU abroad, having a network of offices.
The European Commission is the executive body of the EU, represents the interests of the EU as a whole. It prepares proposals for new European laws as bills to the European Parliament and the Council. In practice, the EC executes the general principles and manages funds and programs of the EU.
the European Commission has a number of basic functions, which include: the executive, control, administrative, legislative.
The European Commission implements its functions in basic areas such as economy, agriculture, business, environment, transport, justice, external relations, social affairs, science and culture.
ENU delegation’s meeting with representatives of the European Parliament and the European Commission was followed by a tour across the Institution, in which by using the latest interactive technologies major historical events in Europe were presented and historical, social and cultural diversity of the countries of the European Union was shown.